International Churches of Christ (ICC)
AFF: The American Family Foundation
- The AFF is one of the largest anti-cult research organizations
in the world, and it has done considerable work on the ICC and
published a book about it. This is a well designed and
professional looking site, although heavy on graphics. Modem
users may want to turn off graphics loading for improved
CARM: Cult Awareness Research Ministry
- CARM is an Australian Evangelical Protestant counter-cult ministry with
basic information about various cults and heretical Christian groups.
(CARM's focus is on both, and its definition of cult includes both.) The
most interesting thing on the site for former ICC members is that CARM
hosts a support group in the Melbourne area for former members of
the Melbourne Church of Christ.
The Cult Awareness & Information Centre
- A site written and maintained by Jan Groenvald, a former
member of the Jehovah's Witnesses. This site has a large section
on the ICC, including some information I haven't seen anywhere
else on the Internet. It is located in Australia, so users there
and in most of Southeast Asia should find connections to it
relatively fast compared to U.S. or Europe based sites.
- A large, slightly dusty old bookstore of a site with all
sorts of unexpected things lurking in the back rows. Contains
a considerable amount of information on the ICC, almost as
much as the TOLC home page, and with considerable overlap.
There is a lot of out-of-date stuff here, and this is the
opposite of a sophisticated, slick presentation.
But there are things here you will find nowhere else.
KultInfo: Das elektronische Sektenarchiv
- A German version of the Ex-Cult Archive, somewhat newer
and better maintained, with the best collection of information
on the ICC and many other cults I've found in German on the WWW.
Unfortunately most of the information is in Windows Help file
format rather than HTML. REVEAL is working to "translate" it
to HTML and post it on the WWW directly.
reFOCUS: The Recovering Former Cultists Support
- Contains a list of contacts, both on the Internet and phone numbers
and by mail, for recovering former cult members, including former
ICC members. The site recently moved to its own domain, and has been
updated thoroughly. There is a lot of solid cult recovery information
Resource Center for Freedom of Mind
- This organization is the brainchild, and baby, of Steve Hassan.
Hassan wrote the book that more or less started the modern anti-cult
movement, and which provided the first systematic look at a non-coercive
means of discussing their affiliation with cult members and, in many
cases, persuading them to leave. The page contains a lot of
excellent information on various aspects of fighting
OASIS -- A Support Service for Recovering Former Cult Members
- In the words of the Oasis site, Oasis is "A support service for the growing
network of people recovering from their involvement in highly demanding/highly
controlling or abusive churches and cult-like religious movements." Based
in Australia, the Oasis site appears to be the work of a few former cult members
(a number of them formerly in the ICC) working in their spare time, much like
the REVEAL site. There is a page about the ICC, but it doesn't contain much
information yet and the links from it are mostly broken.
Spiritual Abuse: The Survivors
- A page which documents spiritual abuse, "as it relates to 'mainstream' religions
and others." The most interesting part of the site to me was the webmaster's
own story of the spiritual abuse he underwent at the hands of a minister/psychotherapist
who used a combination of religious and psychological techniques to establish
control over his patients. I found a lot of parallels between what he underwent
and much of what I experienced and have seen in the movement. If nothing else,
reading this will dispel any illusion a former ICC member may have that the
ICC is unique.
- A slick, well-written page, but in a table format which is
almost unreadable using Lynx or other older browsers which don't
do tables. Trancenet was founded by former members of
Transcendental Meditation (TM), but has expanded into doing work
on a number of cults, most of them stemming from the Orient or
based on Oriental religions or philosophies. Reading about TM and
other such groups whose beliefs are quite different from the ICC
can be illuminating, because many of the practices of these groups
are so similar.
University of East London Chaplaincy Cults Warning Page
- An excellent set of information on how cults operate on
university and college campuses in the 1990s. Includes a revealing
assessment of the London Church of Christ, the main ICC affiliate
in Great Britian, but unfortunately the link to this article from the
Cults Warning Page is broken. You may access the article
The Watchman Expositor: Boston Church of
- A review and position paper written by the Watchman Fellowship, Inc.,
a Protestant Christian anti-cult organization. The emphasis is primarily
historical, although it is clear throughout that the Watchman Fellowship
approves of neither the ICC nor the mainline Churches of Christ from which
it came. This piece does contain one of the more complete short reviews
of the history of the Restoration Movement and mainline Churches of Christ,
though, so if you can ignore the grinding axes, you may find it helpful
for that reason.
Wellspring Retreat & Resource Center
- The homepage of the only residential recovery program I know of
which specializes in working with former cult members. Wellspring is
a non-profit organization begun and run by former cult members from
a wide range of cults. It has extensive experience working with
former ICC members, and every one of them has given it extremely
high marks for the quality of the program and help it offered.
Both this WWW page and the organization are highly recommended.
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